ISO 27001 (Information Security)
ISO 27001:2013 is the only auditable International Standard for Information Security Management Systems (ISMS).
The ISO 27001 standard requires organizations to assess the risks to their information assets and select appropriate security controls to mitigate those risks. This standard also provides a list of security controls to be used by the organizations. ISO 27002 provides guidelines on how to implement the security controls listed in ISO 27001:2013. ISO 27001:2013 allows organizations to integrate requirements from multiple regulations (e.g. SOX, HIPAA) into a single Information Security Management System (ISMS) and manage it as a single system, as opposed to, managing multiple systems in isolation. ISO 27001 can act as a base for some regulations, such as the General Data Protection Regulation and NIST 800 Series.
ISO 27001:2013 is applicable to all types of businesses regardless of size, complexity and geographic location. This is especially important for the businesses dealing with confidential information including banking and financial firms, healthcare organizations and IT services companies.
Why ISO/IEC 27001?
- Assures compliance to a range of regulatory requirements like HIPAA, FISMA, GLBA, etc.
- Establishes general controls required for SOX, SSAE 16 type audits
- Globally recognized as a standard for ISMS
- Applicable to all organizations regardless of size, type or nature
- Continual assessment helps to keep security controls effective
- Increased customer confidence
- Ability to quickly detect and isolate any security breach
The process starts with the client’s needs and expectations. DQS wants to learn about the client’s organization, its management system, size and types of operation. Together both parties will define objectives for the assessment and/or certification, including applicable standards and specifications.
DQS will provide a detailed offer for assessment and certification services, tailored to individual client needs, based on the information provided initially. A written contract will specify all relevant deliverables as well as applicable assessment and certification criteria.
A pre-audit can serve as initial performance or gap analysis, identifying strengths and areas for improvement. For larger assessment and certification projects a project planning meeting provides a valuable opportunity for the client to meet the lead assessor and develop a customized assessment plan for all functions and locations involved. Both services are optional.
The assessment procedure itself begins with review and evaluation of system documentation, goals, results of management review and internal audits. During this process, it will be determined whether the client’s management system is sufficiently developed and ready for certification. The assessor will explain findings and coordinate any required activities to prepare for the on-site system assessment.
The assigned auditor team will audit the client’s management system at the place of production or service delivery. Applying defined management system standards and specifications, the assessment team will evaluate the effectiveness of all functional areas as well as all management system processes, based upon observations, inspections, interviews, review of pertinent records, and other assessment techniques. The audit result, including all findings will be presented to the client during the closing meeting. Required action plans will be agreed upon as necessary.
The independent certification function of DQS will evaluate the audit process and its results, and decide independently about issuance of the certificate. The client receives an audit report, documenting the audit results. When all applicable requirements are fulfilled the client also receives the certificate.
Either semi-annually or at least once per year, there will be an on-site audit of the critical components of the management system. Improvement potential will be identified, with a focus on continual improvement and sustained effectiveness.
A management system certificate is valid for a limited period of time, frequently for a maximum of three years. At the end of this cycle, a re-audit will be carried out to ensure the ongoing fulfillment of all applicable requirements. Subject to this fulfillment, a new certificate will be issued.
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